What tools are needed to repair a piano?

piano repair tools

Buying a piano is a big investment; however, investing more in the beginning by purchasing a higher quality piano will save you time and money on maintenance in the long run. In order to protect your investment regular maintenance is advisable, and most experts recommend full servicing of your piano two to four times per year. This servicing is essential to the health and precision of your piano. In order to do these repairs, you will need the right tools.

There are many tools needed for the various repairs and tuning duties associated with piano care and it is advisable to purchase a piano tool kit as opposed to buying each piece individually. Not only will the kit save you money, but it also often comes with a carrying case that will keep your tools organized and ready for quick retrieval and use.


The following tools should be included in your piano repair kit: 8” Screw Holder, Jack Spring Hole Reamer, Kimball Screwdriver, Grand Drop Screw Regulator, Grand Hammer Butt Spacer, Punching Lifter, Philips Screwdriver large, Philips Screwdriver small, Screwdriver Blade, Offset Key Spacer, Regulating Screwdriver, Damper Regulator, Right Angle Damper Regulator, Grand Screwdriver, Bent Backcheck Regulator, Spoon Bender, Pointed Awl, Square Capstan Regulator, Pointed Capstan Regulator, Screwdriver Blade for Flange Screws, Grand Spring Adjuster, Carrying Case, and a Tool Handle.

As you can see this is quite a list. Below you’ll find descriptions of some of the tools and what they are used for.


The Capstan Tool is used for correcting lost motion and it has the ability to fit two sizes of nuts.

The Pointed Awl has a three-sided tip and is used for creating guide holes for various screws.

The Grand Screwdriver is used for adjusting the Kimball Damper Screws, and Brass Upright Butt Plate Screws.

The Spoon Bender, as the name suggests, is used to bend spoons and adjust action inside the piano.


The tools listed above are intended for fitting the special sized screws and nuts inside your piano. In addition to these tools you will also want to put together a kit of replacement parts, and additional tools. In this kit you will want to have:

  1. Extra pins
  2. Extra strings
  3. Extra screws of various sizes
  4. Gauge for: sizing broken bass wires, and for sizing tuning pins while they are still in the piano.
  5. Various sized clamps
  6. Drill
  7. Various types of pliers
  8. Replacement hammers
  9. Pin cutters


In order to maintain your piano finish simple follow a few steps and precautions. First keep your piano out of direct sunlight as this will fade the color of the wood, cause warping, and damage the finish. Secondly, keep your piano dry and away from moisture. This too will damage the wood and the finish of your piano. To clean your piano, use a high quality polish once a quarter or semi-annually, depending on need. It is not recommended that you polish your piano frequently. This will only result in a build-up of polish and will inevitably dim the luster of the finish. Dry dust and spot clean as needed.

The ability to keep your piano performing at its best and keeping it in good repair will protect your investment in the instrument. In order to facilitate the retrieval of the right tool and part at the crucial time, it is advisable to keep your repair kit, part kit, and piano cleaning supplies all together in a designated drawer or cupboard. This will not only keep you organized, but it will also help reduce stress and frustration at the time when you need to make a repair and will encourage you to keep your piano tuned and well maintained.

piano performing

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