What is narcissistic personality disorder and how is it treated?

narcissistic personality disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a mental condition that generally leaves a person with low self-esteem.

They may appear conceited and confuse reality with fantasy.

People who suffer from this particular disorder are very concerned with themselves and tend to forget the needs and wants of those around them. They seek perfection within and do not tolerate discomfort or disappointment well.

Most narcissists are men and only a small percentage, about 20-25% percent, are women. There are several clusters of personality disorder and narcissistic personality disorder is in Cluster B, which is grouped with other disorders that usually occur with other disorders and types of drug dependency.

The disorder is extremely rare; in fact it is believed that less than 1% of the population suffers from the disease. It generally occurs in people who have suffered severe trauma or abuse in their childhood years or have had a type of drug or chemical dependency. It usually first appears in people in their young adulthood or early adulthood.

It leaves people who suffer from it craving attention in ways that cause them to become obsessed with their own needs. It leaves people feeling like everyone else around them should be obsessed and devote full attention to them.

Symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder are that one might seem overly eccentric, self-consumed, passive-aggressive, narcissistic, and hyper. It does not follow the normal symptoms of a regular personality disorder, however, it does cause a person to feel confused about who they are and what they are doing. Side effects that run hand in hand with the disorder are depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive syndrome.

This particular personality disorder cannot be treated with medication, however, sometimes a person may become in control of the disorder with therapy and self-help.

The hardest part about helping people who suffer from the disorder is that they tend to not realize that they have a problem and therefore are not seeking any help. Also, since narcissists tend to seek perfection admitting they have a problem or wanting to get treatment for the problem tends to make things extremely difficult.

Long-term therapy has proven to be the most effective way of treating the disorder. The difficult part about treating these types of patients is that they must be in an extremely comfortable environment and feel comfortable with the person they are speaking with.

Damaging a narcissist’s perception of their perfection may cause more problems and cause things to progress to an even worse stage. It is a very delicate process to treat and must be dealt with on all levels.

Since those who suffer from NPD are very critical of themselves and others, it usually takes force by others to get them into therapy. People who have NPD on a severe level are generally hospitalized for a long period of time to help them adapt and get several hours of treatment per day.

With the fact that they are so critical of themselves, sometimes entering into therapy will cause severe bouts of depression and anxiety that need to be treated at the hospital level.

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