How to use a nebulizer

How to use a nebulizer

A nebulizer is used to deliver medications into your lungs when you inhale. It works by changing a liquid medication into a fine mist that is inhaled through a mouthpiece or mask. The most common type of medication used in a nebulizer is a bronchodilator. A bronchodilator opens the air pathways in your lungs. Common examples of nebulizer medications are Ventolin, Albuterol, and Proventil. They help people with asthma, bronchitis, or emphysema breath easier.

A nebulizer is powered by an air compressor, which is plugged into an electrical outlet. Your doctor can prescribe a nebulizer to use in your home. It is different than an inhaler.

Here are the steps to using a nebulizer compressor:

  1. Place the nebulizer machine with the compressor on a table. The table should be sturdy and at waist high. Place a chair next to the table.
  2. Wash your hands with soap and water. Then, wash the medication cup that is with your nebulizer with water. Dry it completely.
  3. Pour the medication into the medication cup. Be sure that you use the correct amount of medication. Do not add extra medication.
  4. Attach the filled medication cup to the machine. Then connect the tubing. Be sure that the tubing is securely connected to the compressor and mouthpiece.
  5. Plug the nebulizer machine into the outlet.
  6. Sit straight up in the chair and position yourself comfortably. Turn on the compressor using the on/off switch.
  7. If you are using a mouthpiece, put it into your mouth, and seal your lips around it. If you are using a mask, place the mask on your face. It should be snug but not constrictive.
  8. Take slow deep breaths through your mouth. Continue until all the medication has been inhaled.
  9. After the treatment is done, clean the medication cup and unplug the machine.

Here are a few other important points:

  1. It is a good idea to gargle after using a nebulizer medication.
  2. If you use your nebulizer and your breathing does not improve, call 9-1-1 or your emergency service number. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or frequency. Serious complications can occur.
  3. Some nebulizer medications can make you feel jittery or dizzy. If this happens, turn off the machine and rest for about 5 minutes. Then finish the medication. Tell your doctor about any usual effects that you notice.
  4. When you are not using the machine, store it is a dust-free area. Cover it with a cloth. Change the air filter as recommended by the manufacturer.
  5. You do not need to clean the air tubing.
  6. If more than one person in your home uses the same nebulizer, use separate mouthpieces.
  7. If you are also using a steroid inhaler, wait for five minutes after using the nebulizer. This will ensure that your lung passageways are completely open. A steroid inhaler helps to control swelling or inflammation in your air passages. They may be prescribed when you get a chest cold.
  8. Nebulizers with air compressors are noisy. If you are using a nebulizer on a child and the noise is scaring them, ask your doctor about ultrasonic nebulizer machines.

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