How to prevent frizz when perming hair

Hair that is chemically treated or even natural curly hair has a tendency to frizz. The frizzing problems can stem from dryness or lack of nourishment in your hair. Climate and humidity can play a big role in the condition of your hair, and the result is a frizzy uncontrollable style.

The chemical reaction to the hair follicles in permed hair can produce dryness and an unbalanced PH, which will result in unruly frizzing.

The perming process goes as follows:

The hair is washed and conditioned, then bound on curlers or rods. An alkaline perm lotion is applied to the hair. Because of the alkaline chemical, the lotion opens up the scales of the cuticle slightly, this allows the chemical to get underneath the cuticle and into the cortex. While in the cortex it reacts with the keratin and breaks some of the cross-links within and between protein chains.

This causes the hair to swell and soften so it can take the shape of the curlers or rods. The perm lotion is rinsed after about 20 minutes and a neutralizer is applied. The conditioners in the neutralizer help to repair broken cross-links and re-form the hair to a harder curlier shape. The biggest problem that occurs when perming hair is a failure to rinse and neutralize properly. Failing to do this step properly can lead to problems like scalp irritation or a damaged hair shaft.

What about the frizz? How can you minimize frizzing in permed hair? The first step is to condition your hair well before perming. You cannot do this right before you have the perm but getting your hair in good condition to be permed is an excellent first step for frizz prevention. If your hair is nourished before you perm it you have a better chance of getting the soft, smooth curling results you want.

The next step comes after the perm. Most hairstylists recommend not washing your hair for 48 hours after the perm because the shampoo can interfere with the chemical process; you need to give your hair time to adjust and absorb the chemicals that give you the permanent curl. Conditioning your hair however will not interfere with the curling process and it is recommended you continue to condition your hair during the first 48 hours.

This will significantly cut back on the amount of frizz you see in your hair. Some other tips are: do not rub your hair with a towel when you get out of the shower but simply pat it to get the excess water off and use a diffuser on your hairdryer to dry permed hair this keeps hair in place and curls intact.

There are many hair care products on the market that can help tame those unwanted flyaways. Hairdressers recommend pomade or a silicone serum. You can apply it to wet or dry hair, pomade doesn’t contain a lot of oil so it won’t weigh your hair down it will smooth out the frizz and leave a fabulous shine. Another product some recommend is hair gel or mousse (maximum hold tends to work best for frizz prevention).

One alternative is to air dry your hair and use a wire bristled brush or a wide-tooth comb. There are several products available that claim to help you control your out-of-control frizz. If you do some experimenting and try some of the pointers listed above you will find something that works for you and be able to achieve the soft, shiny, curly style you want.

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