There are some things required and some thought involved in order to change a lawn sprinkler system into a glitch-free, troublesome-free fully automated lawn watering system. Before making any decisions to transform your lawn sprinklers to fully automatic take a good look at the system in place right now. Is the piping right? Too old? Does it need to be replaced? Now is a good time to do it.
Will the existing system be easy to wire? Will there be a need to upgrade to new sprinklers and if so will there be enough pressure to make them work properly? Is the lawn coverage head-to-head? (Good water coverage of lawns and bushes without wastage…like hitting the house or grandma at the kitchen window). Maybe a mixture of fan-spray, gear-driven, and impact sprinklers will work better in the new automated system.
The next thing to do is have someone qualified come in and measure the water pressure capacity of the system. This will enable you to know just what the working water pressure. The expert will be able to tell if it is possible to make certain changes on the existing system or not. He may also have ideas about how to change the system in order for your plans to go through.
Every system will have a shut-off valve. This is the switch that brings the system to life or kills it. This valve turns the water on or shuts it completely off. Every system should also have a backflow protection device. This device stops the flow of contaminated water from getting into potable water.
The backflow detector is attached to the house where the pipe leaves the abode. This detector should be placed between the control valves and the sprinklers. The requirements of the backflow detection device are regulated through city officials. So a check with them is in order.
The system should have a controller or controllers. It should also have timers. There should be a selection of valves. And of course there is the wiring. The wiring is used to connect the service line through the pipe and then into the line to the valves and finally to the sprinklers. The wires should be trenched in from the controller to the valves. After that it is a snap to tap into the service line. If you have a kit this is all easily explained.
The controller sends signals to the control valves, which then open the flow of water to each zone. It also regulates how much water flows to each zone. As a reminder, a zone is a group of sprinklers in the automated system that is controlled by some control valve. Usually, it is one control valve per zone.
There are various types of controllers. And they can be adjusted to water every day, every third day, every holiday, nights only, weekends only, etc. There are outdoor controllers, indoor controllers, or hybrid controllers. There are some controllers that are remotely controlled.
These are almost self-explanatory. But two other things to consider are the size and volume needed to make all this work. There are residential type automated systems and there are commercial systems. In other words, do not overpower a modest residential system or under power a large commercial automated sprinkling system.
There are few barriers in the way to making lawn sprinklers completely automatic. It is not too expensive, especially in the long run. It can actually save money. It should be convenient as possible, easy to install, and above all it must be efficient.
It is a small step to take in order to turn an existing lawn sprinkler system into a fully automated one. There really are few reasons not to.