Thomas Chapel was a furniture maker from the mid to mid-18th century. He was probably born in 1718 but there is no record of his birth, only that year he was baptized. He was and probably was the son of a carpenter from Olite, Yorkshire, England. He was a hunter for his father.
There is no record of his early life or training, but by 1753 he was established in London as a furniture maker. In 1754 he published the first three editions of a catalog of English furniture design by his gentleman and director of the cabinet. This book is probably the biggest reason why he is one of the most famous furniture makers in the world.
The description applies to the chapel on the finest part of 18th century English furniture. This is not because the furniture was made by Thomas Chapindale or his factory, but because the word Chapandel has become synonymous with a distinctive style. Furniture made by Thomas Chapindale will have very little survival and will need to be verified.
Gentleman and Cabinet Director is a book with a chapel style picture. This catalog allowed wealthy patrons to choose specific elements for their furniture and then customize the furniture through the Chippendale Workshop. The chapel style reflects many elements of Rococo, Chinese, Gothic and later neoclassical styles.
Chippendale style Chippendale has not been in the workshops for a long time. Designs were so popular with the affluent middle-class of the 18th century that other furniture makers were soon using the gentleman and the director of the cabinet maker as a model book for their shops. The patterns weren’t really entirely the work of Thomas Chapel, but were refined, stylized, or modernized versions of popular existing patterns. When we talk about chippanelle furniture today, what we’re talking about is really well-built, chippanyle-style furniture from the mid to late 18th century.
The wood in this style of furniture was usually mahogany. Although veneers were used for furniture of this period, they are not typical of the Chippendale style. Solid wood was used to accommodate the wide dots found in this style. Modern reproductions of the chandelier style will often be hand-painted, but will not have the depth and detail of painting that is found in real 18th-century furniture.
Another feature of 18th century wooden furniture is its irregularity. All the work on this furniture was done by hand and often very beautifully. However, no matter how well the handwork is performed, the machine will not be able to keep up with the exact regularity of the work. Take a closer look at the joints when you inspect a piece of wooden furniture for the purpose of determining its age. It will reveal a lot about the history of this piece. The hand-made joint will be slightly irregular and will be evidenced by the marks on the tool.
Finishing the wooden furniture can also help to show its age. There are many techniques to eliminate age or inconvenience and furniture counterfeiters use counterfeiters so don’t rely on finishing alone to decide the age of a piece of furniture. With age, wood carries what is called petina. Patina is a warm, mellow, aged look that comes from touching, living, polishing and caring for wood. That’s the decent thing to do, and it should end there. One has to study to understand the different types of purification that take place in different forests over time. If you plan to invest in antique furniture, you need to spend time learning about the type of furniture you want to purchase. Local museums are a great place to start. They give you a great opportunity to study authentic antique furniture and close-up paintings.
If you’re looking for a good, eighteenth-century chipped-in chair, you’ll need to learn the anatomy of a chipped-in chair. This article is by no means complete and should only be presented as a pad for further research. The volumes are written in chipmunk style and antique chairs. But, here are some of the elements of chair anatomy and chandelier style.
The legs of the antique chair are visible. There are six different basic chaperone-style legs. These are the lion’s paw, the ball and the claws, the late chappinle, the marbro, the club and the cookie. Picture books will give you an idea of what each one looks like, but three of these styles are based on the cabaret shape, a beautiful, snake-like style that ends in a specific foot. These include the lion’s paw, which ends with a lion-shaped foot, club, which is a common R.
Pound feet and ball and claws, which (surprisingly) look like claws holding the ball. The rest of the legs are styled straight, square leg with Marlboro. A jagged round leg often with a square or trapezoid foot and a square foot with a late quadrangle.
There are many variations in the styles of the basic legs, but a closer look will reveal the basic pattern. If the engraver exists, and it is as far as possible, it will be cut to detail and depth. The joints of the legs will be specially made with proof of handwork. Check for repairs where leg and seat frames meet. Sometimes, the legs of the chair are cut short at the bottom and this reduces the value of the chair.
There are horizontal runs between the legs of the stretcher chair. They are sometimes present in chipped chairs. These, too, will fit well, show evidence of craftsmanship and will often be engraved.
Seats on chippendal-style chairs can be wooden, rugged or canned. One way to determine if an upholstery is real is to look at how it is connected. Are there other holes that will indicate the previous movement? New upholstery can easily cover holes so don’t rely entirely on this method. A textile specialist can determine if the fabric is suitable for this period as well. Where the legs meet the seat, there will usually be support called glue blocks. They may have been replaced during the life of the chair, to see how they got involved.
The back of the chair will vary according to the desired purpose of the chair. In the case of rugged backs, rail backs, stairwells, crane backs, split backs, carved backs and stools and window seats, there is no back. Find the kind of quality in the back that you expect in the rest of the chair. The engravers will be deep, crisp and detailed. Often pierced, where solid wood is pierced as part of the back detail. A popular split (back support) type is the linear shape. The pairing will work well and show proof of work.
There are many variations of the chapel theme, but one thing you can be sure of is that if you find a real 18th-century chapel style chair in an antique shop, you’ll find thousands You have to pay dollars. If it doesn’t have a fair price, the dealer knows it’s not the 18th century. Be very careful when buying antiques of this quality and cost.
A reputable dealer will give you a written guarantee that the piece is authentic and this guarantee will include the description of the piece and its offer. If your budget is modest but your taste is expensive, you can buy very good quality modern reproducible chandelier style chairs that will appreciate the value over the years. Like any major investment, though, write down what you are buying before the check.