Autumn is the perfect time to start a course of skin renewal and get acquainted with peels. The sun shines less often, which means that the risk of getting pigmented spots or getting burned is minimal. We tell you what types of peels exist and where it is better to do them: at home or in the salon.
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What is a facial peel and why is it needed?
Peeling is a procedure for removing the upper keratinized layer of the skin, after which the body starts recovery processes, and the dead cells of our epidermis give way to new ones.
After exfoliating dead skin cells, the skin becomes soft, the tone of the face evens out, pimples and black spots disappear, wrinkles are smoothed out. Exfoliation can lighten acne marks and scars, as well as smooth out the skin texture. Creams, serums, and various beauty treatments have a double effect: young cells respond better to the active ingredients.
Peeling can be of several types:
- mechanical — using products with scrubbing particles;
- chemical — using acids or enzymes;
- hardware — using a special device.
Types of chemical peels for the face
Chemical peels can be distinguished by the depth of their penetration into the skin:
It provides the most delicate exfoliation that affects the top layer of the skin. In the process, as a rule, there is no unpleasant burning sensation, and after the skin almost does not peel off. Therefore, surface peeling is suitable for sensitive skin and those who are just beginning their acquaintance with such procedures.
If you are unhappy with fine lines, a dull complexion, or pimples, contact them. It is better to do a course — for example, four surface peeling procedures give the same effect as one median procedure, but without side effects.
Types of surface peeling: soft ANA — acids-almond, glycolic, tartaric, malic; trichloroacetic acid (TCA) – 1-15%, low concentration of salicylic acid; enzyme peeling based on the enzyme papain.
Sun-induced pigmentation, shallow scars, and acne marks are indications for median peeling, which affects not only the epidermis but also the papillary dermis — the second layer of skin. Such peeling requires a longer recovery period — about 14 days but gives a more visible result in one procedure.
Types of median peeling: 25-30% solution of trichloroacetic acid( TCA), 20% salicylic acid.
Penetrating deep into the skin and affecting all layers of the epidermis, deep peeling can solve serious problems — for example, smooth out deep acne scars, old scars, or even out loose skin texture.
After the procedure, the skin is very flaky, itchy, or even covered with crusts — the recovery period lasts about 20 days. Deep peeling should be carried out for special indications when the complex of superficial and median ones can no longer cope.
Types of deep peeling: 35-50% TCA, phenol.
What is the difference between mono-and multi-acid peels?
Peeling can consist of one type of acid — these are called monoacid peels, or two or more — these are multi-acid peels. The combination of acids allows you to solve several problems at once and achieve more visible results.
You can’t get a multi-acid peel just by mixing several acids: some of them negatively affect each other and can seriously harm the skin.
That is why it is better to leave the selection of concentrations and working ingredients to professionals. Together with dermatologists and chemical technologists, the ARAVIA Professional brand has developed four MG Peel System” cocktails “designed for both young problem skin and age-related wrinkled skin. It is based on original combinations of acids that give maximum results and minimal discomfort – thanks to the optimal concentration and a comfortable pH of 3.0.
Peeling in the salon or at home: pros and cons
So where to do the peeling: at home or in the salon? At home, it seems, cheaper comes out, and folk remedies can be connected. We explain the dangers of such a cosmetology initiative and why it is better to trust a professional:
1) You can literally “burn” your skin
Exfoliation is an actual skin burn. The degree of this burn is regulated by a cosmetologist: he selects the solution for the skin type and strictly monitors the time of its application. The application technology is also important. Imagine how, through carelessness or ignorance of a novice amateur, such a serious procedure can affect the skin: it risks getting burned, and after the burn — scars or scars.
2) The cosmetologist will choose an effective course
Can you determine your skin type? Maybe you think that it is dry, but in fact — dehydrated? The cosmetologist will be able to choose a peel for your skin type and its needs, make up the optimal course, which may consist of peels of different depths and strengths, and will monitor the processes of regeneration and recovery — select the appropriate home care and give practical recommendations.
3) Folk remedies don’t work
It is impossible to “create” an acid peel at home. Yes, the mild AHA acids used in surface peels are often obtained from fruits and berries. But strawberry puree won’t actually do anything to your face.
4) Effective peels are not sold in the public domain
Professional chemical peels can not be purchased at the nearest store. Manufacturers are aware of the risks and offer the purchase option only to those who know how to work with such funds. For example, ARAVIA Professional multi-acid peels can only be purchased by downloading a document that confirms the qualification of a specialist, or by completing training at the ARAVIA training center.
5) Chemical peeling at home — not cheap
The peeling procedure itself is not just about applying the main solution. It includes a whole range of products for preparing the skin and neutralizing acid. That is why you will not be able to save money and buy “just one bottle”.
When peeling can still be done at home
If you are not new to acids and are aware of all the risks, peeling can be done at home, but with caution. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations, properly care for the skin during and after the procedure, and do not forget about contraindications:
- individual intolerance or hypersensitivity to the components of peeling;
- violation of the integrity of the skin;
- dermatitis, dermatosis, or other acute skin diseases;
- acute infectious diseases;
- exacerbation of the herpes virus;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- acute chronic diseases;
- visit to the solarium.
For home use, soft peels are suitable, for example, enzyme peeling, regenerating peeling with azelaic acid, or peeling with lactic acid 10%. But be careful and careful: if the protocol is not followed, the company is not responsible for the negative consequences caused by improper use of products (redness, peeling, burns, etc.).
How to properly do a facial peeling: briefly
Peeling is best done in autumn or winter: so getting sunburn and harmful and irritated skin is minimal.
Deep peeling is a serious procedure that requires special indications in the form of pronounced scars or scars. It is worth resorting to it in exceptional cases, and it is better to start with surface peels — they do not cause irritation, but at the same time improve the appearance.
Trust a professional — he will choose the type of peeling, protect you from chemical burns, give recommendations for prolonging the effect, and select home care. If you are an advanced user of cosmetics, peeling can also be done at home. Carefully read the manufacturer’s recommendations and follow the instructions.