Cutting and Hanging drywall is a lot easier than most people think; all you need are some basic tools and a little know-how. One thing that you need to remember is that this is not a one-person job. If you want to hang your drywall straight and without incident you will have to have more than one person on the job. When you are getting ready to hang drywall, whether it be in a new room or just to replace some that need repair, you will have to get everything ready ahead of time so that you can complete the job with no problems.
First you will have to gather some tools that are needed. These include:
- A Hammer
- A T. Square
- A Utility Knife
- Drywall nails
- Saw for Drywall
- Sand paper
- Caulk Gun
- Dust mask
- Joint Tape
- Joint Compound
- Cornerbead- metal strips used for the corners
- Wall board adhesive
Your local home improvement store will help you find all of the items that you will need. All you need to do is ask them.
Dry wall comes in varying sizes–you can get it in four feet by eight feet, four feet by ten feet, or four feet by twelve feet. Your room size will be the deciding factor in what size drywall you will have to purchase. Make sure you measure everything you will be covering with the drywall so that you get the right amount. Also make sure that you get an extra 10 to 15 overage for cutting.
After you get finished purchasing all of your materials and supplies you need to hang your drywall. You should always start in the corner at the top of the room if you are hanging the drywall in a new room. Hold the piece straight and attach it to the wall joists, or studs, this can be done using drywall nails or screws. Make sure you recess the head of the nail just a bit (this will be covered later with some compound). After hanging the first piece the rest are easy. Just put the next one against the first one and secure it.
If you are hanging a piece at the bottom of the wall you will have to get something to hold up the drywall to the top piece or ceiling. This can be done by using a foot-operated panel lifter. When you come to a place where you don’t need a whole piece of drywall you will have to cut it. This is really easily done.
If you are making a cut that is straight across this is really simple. All you have to do is mark the drywall with a pencil where the cut needs to be. Take a straight edge and score the drywall on the face paper side. Hang the drywall over the edge of your table and snap at the scored edge and then cut the back paper. Then you can smooth the rough edges.
If you are cutting out a place for a light switch or something that has to come through the drywall you will have to take the precise measurements and mark the site. You will then score the area and use a saw to cut through it. If you want to make finished corners you can use corner bead. This will help your corners to be smooth, and you can use caulking in the corners so that they have a smooth professional look.
After you have all of the drywall hung you will then use joint compound and joint take to fill in the joints and nail indentations. First, you will take a wide putty knife and put on a layer of joint compound, make this approximately four inches wide. On the seams, you will then put the joint tape over that. Scrape off the excess compound. Let this stand for 24 hours so that it will set.
You will now need to put on a second coat of the joint compound; this will be the first finishing coat. Put this on smoothly and feather it out let dry for another 24 hours. Now you will have to add a second finishing coat, also feathering out. To smooth this out you will take a damp sponge and wipe them gently. If you miss an imperfection you can sand it down later. After this dries you can decorate it as you wish.