Shoes and boots made of noble natural materials are very popular. Models made of soft fleecy leather need proper care. Questions become relevant for their owners: how to clean suede shoes, what tools and tools will be needed for this. Neglect of preventive care, improper removal of dirt can quickly render even a high-quality product unusable.
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What are suede shoes
Natural suede is made from the skins of sheep, wild goats, or deer by fat or formaldehyde-fat tanning. The main features of the suede shoes are softness, velvety surface, resistance to high temperatures. Suede shoes look presentable, expensive, and elegant.
Stylish boots, boots, shoes allow you to create interesting images while providing maximum comfort to the foot. In terms of durability, quality suede shoes can last more than 10 years with proper use and proper home care. To improve the properties of the material, special sprays, impregnations that protect against water, dyes, and reducing agents are used.
The main disadvantages of suede are demanding care, sensitivity to moisture. Save your fine suede shoes for dry weather. Moisture can warp them, make the surface hard, spoil the color.
Basic suede shoes cleaning rules
Immediately after purchase, suede shoes are cleaned with a special brush, treated with a water-repellent aerosol. This will help preserve the color of the products, facilitate cleaning, and extend the life of the product. Caring for suede requires following simple basic rules:
- Do not soak, wash the product under the pressure of water, use solutions with a liquid base. Machine washing can permanently damage the material. Optimum dry cleaning, as well as minimal spot wetting with a damp sponge.
- Splashes and any other contamination are removed only after the shoes are completely dry. Otherwise, the substance will penetrate deeper into the material and form a stain, which will be very difficult to remove.
- The fleecy surface is easily stained, so separate tools should be purchased for dark and light shoes.
- The material requires preventive maintenance. It is necessary to regularly process with special means and clean the pile.
Store suede shoes, shoes, and boots in a place protected from direct sunlight.
Professional products for removing dirt from suede are sold in shoe stores. They can be safely entrusted with the care of a soft pile. For proper care, brushes, erasers, mesh sponges are useful. Modern brushes are equipped with teeth made of rubber, rubber, crepe, or soft metal.
All of them are designed to gently “comb” the villi, without harm to the surface. Processing is carried out with gentle movements, against the pile. The most practical and functional are bilateral devices, complemented by a variety of grooves. On one side there are metal bristles, on the other – a rubberized or rubber surface.
An eraser can be used to clean shoes, but it must be used against the pile in order to lift and remove dirt. Otherwise, the dirt will only be absorbed deeper. New white rubber bands are suitable for care. Dust and hair are removed with adhesive rollers for clothes.
A special brush can be replaced with a toothbrush that has been better used, as it will acquire sufficient softness.
Cleaning methods considering pollution
The material is quite capricious and demanding to care for, needs careful treatment. Before cleaning suede shoes, it is necessary to assess the amount and type of contamination. It is also important to consider the color of the product.
Dust and Dirt
Genuine suede should be cleaned after each exit, as dust microparticles settle on the surface. With regular removal of minor fresh contaminants, you will not have to take drastic measures; dry cleaning is quite suitable.
A brush with hard teeth will help get rid of dust and dirt. The problem area is wiped in only one direction until it is completely cleared. Movements must be accurate and careful.
Steam treatment is the most effective way to remove stubborn dirt. Before cleaning dusty suede, you need to properly prepare it. On the surface, it is necessary to walk with a brush or a sponge moistened with soapy water. Steam treatment of suede shoes at home is carried out in accordance with the
- The kettle fills with water. A lot of steam is required, so the container is completely filled.
- The liquid is brought to a boil.
- Under the jet of steam coming out of the spout, the product is substituted with the sole up and gradually moves until it is completely processed.
- After steaming, the surface of suede shoes is intensively cleaned with the hard side of the brush, always in the same direction.
- When all impurities are removed, the boots are dried naturally.
When cleaning shoes with steam, precautions must be taken. Gloves are worn to protect against burns. Processing is done quickly – too much moisture combined with high temperature can lead to deformation of the product.
To remove complex stubborn dirt, a solution prepared from 100 g of milk, half a teaspoon of soda, and ammonia are used. The components are thoroughly mixed and rubbed into the stain with a cotton pad or soft sponge. You need to wash off the composition with a barely damp sponge, rinsing it repeatedly and squeezing it well.
You can clean dark suede with diluted ammonia at a concentration of 1: 4 with water. A cotton pad is soaked in the composition, slightly wrung out, and applied to the stain. After drying, the pile is brushed.
Gasoline is suitable for removing greasy stains. It is applied in a thin layer, the material is sprinkled with talc on top and left for an hour. Then the surface is treated with a stiff brush.
Stubborn stains are well removed with fine-grained sandpaper. Only the place of contamination should be treated, this should be done without much effort. Before cleaning suede boots at home with “sandpaper”, you need to check if it leaves dark streaks.
What to do if the suede is shiny
Starch is used to restore the original appearance of the glossy surface. They are sprinkled with problem areas, and after 30 minutes, the remnants are removed with a fleecy brush. In the presence of severe abrasions, you can mix the starch with ammonia to the consistency of a liquid slurry and gently rub the product into the damaged areas.
If the shoes have a lot of shiny areas, steaming will help. Strong moistening should not be allowed, the brush can be used only after the boots have completely dried. The procedure helps to restore the structure of the pile, refreshes the color.
You can fully clean suede shoes at home with a milk-soda solution. It must be rubbed into the shiny areas, then washed off with a damp sponge. The tool is not used for dark products, as it leads to the appearance of whitish spots.
Washing suede shoes at home is prohibited. Even if the area of contamination is large, dry cleaning and surface treatment of the material with liquid solutions are used, without soaking the base.
The nuances of cleaning light-colored shoes
Light suede boots get dirty much faster than dark models and require more frequent and gentle cleaning. The surface is easily stained, so it is recommended to use colorless products. The rule also applies to tools: sponges, brushes, rags, sponges.
A safe solution for removing stains from white shoes is a milky solution. In a glass of slightly warmed milk, add 1 teaspoon of baking soda and a few drops of hydrogen peroxide. The solution is applied to the stains with a sponge or sponge. Before cleaning the boots from stains in this way, you need to make sure that the composition does not leave streaks. An hour before the main cleaning, you need to wipe a small area of \u200b\u200b the surface on the inside with it.
No less effective is a mixture of hydrogen peroxide with water in a ratio of 1:5. The contaminated area is treated with such a solution, if necessary, the procedure is repeated several times. The remaining liquid is removed with a sponge. After drying, suede shoes are cleaned with a stiff brush.
The following method is used to update the color and remove the gray coating. Dried dirt particles are removed with a brush, then the surface is wiped with a clean white eraser (not colored), sprinkled with chalk or talcum powder. It must be driven into the surface with gentle patting movements. When the powder darkens, scrape it off and add a new one. Repeat the procedure until the stain is completely removed.
The best ready-made products
Special tools have been developed for cleaning suede boots at home. They will not damage the material, they will help remove contaminants of various origins. The list of the best compositions includes:
- Salton Expert Antisol. Eliminates stains that remain due to exposure to reagents, the product is ideal for residents of large cities. It has a pungent odor, so processing should be carried out in a well-ventilated area.
- Aerosol Dividic. It helps not only to clean suede shoes from dirt, but also to refresh the color and restore the structure.
- Foam cleaner Salton. An all-in-one care product. Evenly applied to the surface, does not require rinsing.
- Balm restorer Renovateur. Used for color renewal and gentle cleansing. It is enough to apply a small amount on the surface and rub gently.
- Cleaning foam Salamander Professional Combi Cleaner. The innovative formula with lime oil delicately affects the capricious material, removing stains, streaks, traces of water.
- Spray restorer Silver Premium 3 in 1. Designed for stable uniform coloring and protection of the material from streaks and dirt.
The use of high-quality suede shoe cleaners ensures not only reliable removal of dirt but also gentle care. As a result, the material is not exposed to the aggressive effects of negative external factors and retains a presentable appearance for a long time.
To prolong the life of suede shoes, it is necessary to ensure proper regular care. Before the first exit to the street, shoes are treated with a water-repellent spray. The tool creates an invisible film on the surface that protects against abrasive microparticles and the negative effects of external factors.
Before the first and each subsequent spraying of the composition, suede shoes are cleaned. To do this, use a soft cloth or brush. You need to apply the aerosol to the raised pile. After processing, the products are placed for 10 hours in a well-ventilated room to dry. For frequent use, the procedure should be repeated weekly.
After each return from the shoes, it is necessary to wash the collected dust particles with a soft flannel cloth or a special brush. Even with proper care, the color can become more faded over time. It is easy to restore with the help of special aerosol dyes for suede. In order for the shade to perfectly match the original color, it is recommended to buy the product at the same time as the shoes.