How to Get Rid of Groundhogs

Groundhogs, also known as woodchucks or whistle-pigs, are furry creatures that can wreak havoc in your yard or garden. If left unchecked, they can cause extensive damage to vegetation and structures. In this article, we will explore effective methods to get rid of groundhogs and prevent future infestations. By following these strategies, you can reclaim your outdoor space and protect your property.

How to Get Rid of Groundhogs

Groundhogs are medium-sized rodents that belong to the squirrel family. They are typically found in North America and are known for their burrowing habits. While they may seem harmless, groundhogs can quickly become a nuisance when they start digging tunnels and feeding on plants. To effectively address a groundhog problem, it’s crucial to understand their behavior, signs of infestation, and the appropriate removal techniques.

Understanding Groundhogs

Physical characteristics

Groundhogs have a stout body, short legs, and a bushy tail. They are covered in thick fur, which helps them survive in various climates. Adult groundhogs can weigh between 4 and 14 pounds, with an average length of 20 to 27 inches. Their sharp incisor teeth enable them to chew through vegetation and create burrows in the ground.

Habits and behavior

Groundhogs are diurnal creatures, meaning they are most active during the day. They are herbivores, primarily feeding on grasses, leaves, and vegetables. Groundhogs are excellent diggers and create complex underground burrow systems that can extend up to 66 feet. These burrows serve as their homes, providing shelter from predators and extreme weather conditions.

Signs of Groundhog Infestation

To effectively address a groundhog infestation, it’s essential to identify the signs of their presence. Here are some common indicators that you may have groundhogs in your yard:

Burrows and tunnels

Groundhogs create burrows with multiple entrances and exits. Look for openings in the ground that are approximately 10 to 12 inches in diameter. These burrows often have mounds of dirt or vegetation nearby, indicating recent activity.

Damaged vegetation

Groundhogs feed on a wide range of plants, including vegetables, fruits, and ornamental flowers. If you notice significant damage to your garden or landscape, with half-eaten plants or missing leaves, it could be a sign of groundhog feeding.

Droppings and tracks

Groundhogs leave behind distinctive droppings that are cylindrical in shape and typically dark brown or black. You may also find their tracks around the entrances of their burrows or in areas where they have been foraging for food.

The Importance of Removing Groundhogs

Dealing with a groundhog infestation is crucial for several reasons. First and foremost, groundhogs can cause significant damage to your property. Their burrowing activities can undermine foundations, patios, and other structures, leading to costly repairs. Additionally, their feeding habits can decimate gardens and crops, impacting your landscaping efforts or even your food supply.

Moreover, groundhogs can attract other pests like skunks or raccoons to your property. Their burrows may provide shelter for these animals, leading to further issues and potential health risks. By addressing groundhog infestations promptly, you can mitigate these risks and protect your property’s value.

Non-Lethal Methods of Groundhog Removal

When it comes to getting rid of groundhogs, it’s important to prioritize non-lethal methods that ensure the well-being of these animals while protecting your property. Here are some effective techniques:

Exclusion techniques

One approach is to use exclusion techniques to deter groundhogs from accessing certain areas. Install barriers, such as fences or hardware cloth, around the perimeter of your garden or other vulnerable areas. Ensure that the fence extends at least 2 feet underground to prevent the groundhogs from burrowing underneath.


Fencing can be an effective way to keep groundhogs out of specific areas. Opt for sturdy wire fencing with small mesh openings to prevent them from squeezing through. Bury the bottom of the fence at least 2 feet deep to discourage burrowing.


There are various repellents available that can help deter groundhogs from your property. These repellents often contain natural ingredients that emit odors or tastes that groundhogs find unpleasant. Apply these repellents according to the manufacturer’s instructions, focusing on areas prone to groundhog activity.

Trapping Groundhogs Humanely

In some cases, trapping may be necessary to remove groundhogs from your property. Follow these steps for humane trapping:

Selecting the right trap

Choose a live trap that is large enough to accommodate a groundhog. Look for traps with a trigger mechanism that will securely close the door once the groundhog enters.

Baiting the trap

Groundhogs are attracted to certain foods like fresh vegetables or fruits. Place the bait at the far end of the trap, ensuring that it triggers the mechanism when the groundhog tries to reach it.

Relocating the trapped groundhog

Once you have successfully trapped a groundhog, it’s important to release it in a suitable habitat away from your property. Check local regulations and find a safe location, preferably a wooded area with ample food and water sources.

Seeking Professional Assistance

If your efforts to remove groundhogs on your own are unsuccessful or if you prefer to leave the task to professionals, consider contacting a pest control company or wildlife removal service. These experts have the knowledge and experience to handle groundhog infestations effectively and safely.

Preventing Groundhog Infestations

To minimize the likelihood of future groundhog infestations, follow these preventive measures:

Removing food sources

Groundhogs are attracted to areas with abundant food sources. Regularly clean up fallen fruits, vegetables, and other organic debris that may attract these animals. Additionally, consider storing pet food indoors and keeping garbage cans tightly sealed.

Securing structures

Inspect the exterior of your home and other structures for potential entry points. Seal any gaps, cracks, or holes to prevent groundhogs from gaining access.

Maintaining a clean yard

Keep your yard well-maintained by regularly mowing the grass and trimming vegetation. Groundhogs are less likely to settle in an area that lacks cover and hiding spots.


Dealing with groundhog infestations requires a proactive approach that balances effective removal techniques with humane practices. By understanding groundhog behavior, identifying signs of infestation, and employing non-lethal removal methods, you can reclaim your outdoor space and protect your property. Remember to prioritize prevention by eliminating attractants and securing your property against future infestations.


  1. How do groundhogs cause damage? Groundhogs cause damage by burrowing, which can undermine structures and create safety hazards. They also feed on plants, leading to significant damage to gardens and crops.
  2. Are groundhogs dangerous? Groundhogs are generally not dangerous to humans but can become aggressive if they feel threatened. It’s best to keep a safe distance and avoid direct contact.
  3. Can I use mothballs to repel groundhogs? Mothballs are not recommended for repelling groundhogs. While they may have a strong odor, they are not effective in deterring these animals and can pose health risks.
  4. How far should I relocate a trapped groundhog? When relocating a trapped groundhog, release it at least several miles away from your property to prevent it from returning. Check local regulations for specific guidelines.
  5. Will getting a dog help deter groundhogs? Having a dog can potentially deter groundhogs, as their presence may discourage these animals from entering your yard. However, it’s not a foolproof solution, and other preventive measures should still be implemented.

Sharing Is Caring:

The Howtowise team has helped thousands of homemakers fix their household problems with step-by-step tutorials. Howtowise has been featured in The New York Times, Scientific American, Good Housekeeping, Vox, Apartment Therapy, Lifehacker, and more.