How to get rid of ants naturally

Ants can be persistent invaders in our homes, seeking food and shelter with unwavering determination. While there are various commercial pesticides available, many people prefer to use natural methods to get rid of ants. Not only are these methods safer for humans and pets, but they also minimize the impact on the environment. In this article, we will explore effective strategies for eliminating ants naturally and reclaiming your home.

get rid of ants

Understanding Ants and Their Behavior

Before we delve into the natural remedies, it’s essential to understand ants and their behavior. Ants are social insects that live in colonies, with each colony consisting of numerous worker ants, a queen, and sometimes male ants. They communicate using chemical signals, leaving pheromone trails to guide other ants to food sources.

Why Use Natural Methods to Get Rid of Ants?

Using natural methods to eliminate ants offers several advantages. Firstly, it reduces the exposure to harmful chemicals, safeguarding the health of your family and pets. Secondly, it minimizes the impact on the environment, preserving the delicate balance of ecosystems. Lastly, natural methods are often cost-effective, utilizing common household items.

Identifying the Type of Ants Invading Your Home

To effectively combat ants, it’s crucial to identify the type of ants invading your home. Different ant species have varying behaviors and preferences, requiring tailored approaches. Common household ants include pavement ants, carpenter ants, odorous house ants, and pharaoh ants. Identifying the ants will help you choose the most suitable natural remedies.

Prevention: Creating an Unattractive Environment for Ants

Prevention is key to controlling ants naturally. By creating an unattractive environment for ants, you can deter them from entering your home. Start by practicing good hygiene and cleanliness. Regularly sweep and mop floors, wipe down surfaces, and promptly clean up food and drink spills. Store food in airtight containers, and fix any leaks or moisture issues that may attract ants.

Eliminating Ant Trails and Entry Points

When ants find a reliable food source, they leave chemical trails for other ants to follow. By disrupting these trails and sealing entry points, you can disrupt their foraging patterns. Clean surfaces and floors with a vinegar solution to erase ant trails. Use caulk or weatherstripping to seal gaps and cracks where ants may enter your home.

Natural Repellents and Deterrents

Several natural substances can repel and deter ants from entering your living spaces. Citrus peels, cucumber slices, mint leaves, and cinnamon sticks are effective ant repellents. Place these items near ant entry points, windowsills, or countertops to discourage ants from venturing further.

Homemade Ant Traps

Homemade ant traps provide an effective means of capturing and eliminating ants. Create a mixture of sugar, borax, and water and place it in small containers with tiny openings. The ants will be attracted to the sweet mixture and carry it back to the colony, causing widespread elimination. Remember to place these traps in areas where ants are frequently seen.

Using Essential Oils to Repel Ants

Essential oils not only smell delightful but also serve as potent ant deterrents. Peppermint oil, tea tree oil, and lemon eucalyptus oil are particularly effective in repelling ants. Mix a few drops of your chosen essential oil with water and spray it around entry points, along ant trails, and near their nests. The strong aroma will discourage ants from entering your home.

Borax and Diatomaceous Earth: Effective Natural Ant Killers

For those dealing with more persistent ant infestations, natural ant killers such as borax and diatomaceous earth can be highly effective. Borax disrupts ants’ digestive systems, leading to their demise. Mix equal parts of borax and sugar, and place small amounts of the mixture in areas frequented by ants. Diatomaceous earth, on the other hand, is a fine powder that damages ants’ exoskeletons, causing them to dehydrate and die. Sprinkle diatomaceous earth along ant trails, near their nests, and other ant-infested areas.

Keeping Ants Away from Specific Areas

There are certain areas of the house where ants are particularly troublesome, such as the kitchen and pantry. To keep ants away from these areas, there are a few additional steps you can take. Wipe down surfaces with a vinegar solution to remove any lingering food odors that may attract ants. Place bay leaves in pantry shelves and cabinets as a natural repellent. Consider using ant-proof containers to store food, preventing ants from accessing your provisions.

Maintaining a Clean and Tidy Home

Maintaining a clean and tidy home is essential in preventing ant infestations. Regularly vacuum carpets, sweep floors, and remove crumbs from countertops. Keep trash bins tightly sealed and promptly empty them. By depriving ants of food sources, you significantly reduce the chances of an invasion.

Removing Food Sources and Eliminating Attractants

Ants are relentless seekers of food, so eliminating food sources and attractants is crucial. Clean up spills immediately, seal food containers tightly, and store ripe fruit in the refrigerator. Wipe down sticky residues from jars and bottles, and rinse recyclables before disposal. By denying ants access to nourishment, you make your home far less appealing to them.

Seal Off Entry Points

To prevent ants from entering your home, it’s important to seal off potential entry points. Inspect the exterior of your house for cracks, gaps, and crevices, and seal them with caulk or weatherstripping. Pay particular attention to areas around doors, windows, utility lines, and pipes. By creating a barrier, you make it much harder for ants to find their way inside.

When to Seek Professional Help

While natural methods can be highly effective, some ant infestations may require professional assistance. If your efforts to control ants naturally prove unsuccessful or if the infestation is severe, it may be time to seek the help of pest control professionals. They have the expertise and resources to tackle more challenging ant problems, ensuring the complete elimination of the infestation.


Getting rid of ants naturally is not only safer for your health and the environment but also cost-effective and often just as effective as commercial pesticides. By understanding ant behavior, identifying the types of ants invading your home, and implementing preventive measures, you can effectively control ant infestations. Utilizing natural repellents, homemade ant traps, essential oils, and substances like borax and diatomaceous earth further enhance your ability to eliminate ants naturally. By maintaining cleanliness, sealing off entry points, and removing food sources, you can create an inhospitable environment for ants. However, if the infestation persists or if the situation becomes overwhelming, it’s advisable to seek professional help from pest control experts who can provide targeted solutions.


Are natural methods as effective as chemical pesticides in getting rid of ants? Natural methods can be highly effective in controlling ants, especially when used correctly and consistently. While they may require more time and effort, they are safer for humans, pets, and the environment.

How can I identify the type of ants invading my home? You can consult online resources or reach out to pest control professionals to help you identify the specific type of ants. Observing their physical characteristics, behavior, and nesting preferences can also provide clues.

Can essential oils be harmful to pets or children? Essential oils, when used properly and in moderation, are generally safe for pets and children. However, it’s essential to research specific oils and their potential effects before using them. When in doubt, consult with a veterinarian or healthcare professional.

How long does it take for natural ant control methods to work? The effectiveness of natural ant control methods can vary depending on the severity of the infestation and the persistence of your efforts. In some cases, you may notice a significant reduction in ant activity within a few days, while in others, it may take a couple of weeks or more.

Are there any natural methods to prevent ants from entering my garden? Yes, there are several natural methods to deter ants from entering your garden. Planting ant-repellent plants such as mint, lavender, and marigolds can be effective. Creating barriers using diatomaceous earth or sprinkling coffee grounds around the garden can also help keep ants at bay.

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