How to clean an oven

Cleaning your oven is an essential household chore that often gets overlooked. Over time, ovens accumulate grease, food residue, and burnt-on stains, which can affect its performance and even lead to unpleasant odors or smoke while cooking. Regular cleaning not only keeps your oven looking its best but also ensures it functions efficiently. In this article, we will guide you through a step-by-step process on how to clean an oven effectively, providing you with the necessary tips and precautions to achieve a sparkling clean oven.

clean an oven

When it comes to maintaining a clean and hygienic kitchen, cleaning the oven is an integral part of the routine. Neglected ovens can harbor bacteria, emit unpleasant odors, and even become a fire hazard. Cleaning your oven not only improves its appearance but also enhances its performance, allowing it to heat up more evenly and cook your food to perfection.

Why Cleaning Your Oven is Important

A clean oven is not just aesthetically pleasing; it also has several practical advantages. By removing food residue, grease, and burnt-on stains, you prevent these substances from contaminating your future meals. Additionally, cleaning your oven can improve its energy efficiency, as a clean oven heats up faster and maintains temperature more accurately. Regular oven maintenance can extend its lifespan and save you money in the long run.

Safety Precautions Before Cleaning

Before diving into the cleaning process, it is essential to take some safety precautions to protect yourself and your surroundings. Start by ensuring the oven is turned off and completely cooled down. You should also disconnect the oven from the power supply to avoid any accidental activations. Open windows or turn on the ventilation to ensure proper airflow in your kitchen.

Tools and Materials Required

Gathering the necessary tools and materials before you start cleaning will make the process more efficient. Here’s a list of items you’ll need:

  1. Rubber gloves
  2. Safety goggles
  3. Scrub brush or sponge
  4. Oven cleaner (homemade or store-bought)
  5. Baking soda
  6. Vinegar
  7. Water
  8. Microfiber cloth or paper towels

Ensure that you have these items readily available before you begin cleaning your oven.

Step-by-Step Guide: Cleaning an Oven

Now that you have all the necessary tools and materials, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of cleaning an oven effectively.

Removing Oven Racks

Before cleaning the oven interior, it’s best to remove the oven racks. Take them out and set them aside to clean separately. This will give you easier access to the oven walls and base.

Preparing a Homemade Oven Cleaner

Homemade oven cleaners are cost-effective and often environmentally friendly. One popular homemade cleaner is a mixture of baking soda, vinegar, and water. In a small bowl, combine half a cup of baking soda with a few tablespoons of water to create a thick paste.

Applying the Cleaner to the Oven Interior

Using gloves, apply the homemade cleaner to the interior of the oven. Focus on the areas with stubborn stains and greasy buildup. Coat the surfaces evenly with the paste, paying extra attention to the oven’s back wall and bottom, where food residue tends to accumulate.

Cleaning the Oven Racks

While the cleaner is working on the oven interior, clean the oven racks separately. Fill a bathtub or large sink with warm water and add a dishwasher tablet or a quarter cup of dish soap. Let the racks soak for at least 30 minutes. Afterward, scrub them with a brush or sponge to remove any remaining grime. Rinse the racks thoroughly and set them aside to dry.

Cleaning the Oven Door

The oven door often accumulates grease and food splatters. To clean the door, create a paste using baking soda and water. Apply the paste to the glass and let it sit for a few minutes. Then, scrub the glass gently with a sponge or cloth to remove any grime. Wipe the door clean with a damp cloth.

Wiping Down the Interior

Returning to the oven interior, use a damp cloth to wipe away the baking soda paste. Start from the top and work your way down, ensuring you remove all traces of the cleaner. For stubborn stains, use a scrub brush or a scraper, being careful not to damage the oven’s surfaces.

Cleaning the Oven Exterior

Don’t forget to clean the exterior of your oven as well. Use a mild detergent and warm water to wipe down the oven’s front, sides, and control panel. Dry the exterior with a clean cloth or paper towel to prevent watermarks.

Tips for Stubborn Stains and Grease

Sometimes, certain stains or greasy residue may require additional attention. If the homemade cleaner doesn’t fully remove stubborn stains, you can try using a commercial oven cleaner. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and ensure proper ventilation when using chemical cleaners.

Maintaining a Clean Oven

To keep your oven clean for longer periods, it’s essential to practice regular maintenance. After each use, wipe away spills and splatters as soon as possible. Use a damp cloth or sponge to remove any food residue. Regularly cleaning your oven racks and oven door glass will also help maintain a clean oven interior.


Cleaning an oven may seem like a daunting task, but with the right tools, materials, and step-by-step guidance, it becomes more manageable. By following the instructions provided in this article, you can achieve a sparkling clean oven and enjoy its improved performance. Remember to take the necessary safety precautions and maintain regular cleaning habits to keep your oven in top shape.


How often should I clean my oven?

The frequency of cleaning your oven depends on how frequently you use it. However, it is generally recommended to clean your oven every three to six months to prevent the buildup of stubborn stains and grease.

Can I use store-bought oven cleaners?

Yes, you can use store-bought oven cleaners. Follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer and ensure proper ventilation when using chemical cleaners.

What can I use to clean the oven door glass?

To clean the oven door glass, you can create a paste using baking soda and water. Apply the paste to the glass, let it sit for a few minutes, and then gently scrub with a sponge or cloth. Wipe clean with a damp cloth.

Can I clean a self-cleaning oven?

Self-cleaning ovens have a built-in cleaning cycle that uses high heat to burn away food residue. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to activate the self-cleaning mode. However, it’s important to note that self-cleaning cycles can produce smoke and strong odors, so proper ventilation is crucial.

Are there any alternative oven cleaning methods?

Yes, there are alternative oven cleaning methods. Some people prefer using natural cleaners like lemon juice, vinegar, or hydrogen peroxide. However, it’s important to note that these methods may not be as effective for heavy-duty cleaning, and results may vary.

Sharing Is Caring:

The Howtowise team has helped thousands of homemakers fix their household problems with step-by-step tutorials. Howtowise has been featured in The New York Times, Scientific American, Good Housekeeping, Vox, Apartment Therapy, Lifehacker, and more.